This study was commissioned by the Human and Social Studies Foundation – Sofia as the second stage of the research project on Anti-Liberal Discourses and
Propaganda Messages in Bulgarian Media: Dissemination and Social Perception. Its main objectives were:
– to trace the influence of anti-democratic discourses and propaganda messages in Bulgarian media, and the patterns of their perception by particular social groups;
– to trace the possible changes over the last year in which the issues of fake news and hybrid war were brought into sharper public focus.




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